The skin condition characterized by inflamed pimples, blemishes, and lesions is a common occurrence in most people. Acne is caused by a number of factors, the primary one being hormonal fluctuations that occur during puberty. However, there are also other causes apart from puberty like heredity, skin irritation due to cosmetics, pores getting clogged by dead cells, bacteria, and inflammation among others. The swelling caused by acne can be irritating and sometimes it can cause scarring.
There are a number of reasons for acne. The sebaceous glands produce sebum, which protects the hair follicles. The overproduction of sebum is caused by hormones that stimulate oil production in the skin. The inflammation resulting from this condition enables the sebaceous glands to produce even more sebum that clogs the pores. This results in the formation of whiteheads and blackheads, which are a part of the normal skin condition. This can also spread to the neck and shoulders.
The cause of acne may be hormonal or genetic but there are also other factors that contribute to the condition. Hormonal changes due to puberty stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more oil and consequently, inflammation occurs. Pores get clogged with dead skin cells and bacteria resulting in inflammation. The inflammation and clogging eventually form blemishes.
There are a number of factors that can make acne-prone skin more prone to blemishes. The sebaceous gland produces more sebum during times of hormonal activity and this is a reason why hormonal imbalances are often observed in such skin types. Skincare products that have high levels of salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide can therefore help alleviate acne-prone skin.
Skin that is predisposed to acne due to hormones may react to the same hormones in different ways. The sebaceous glands produce more oil during times of hormonal activity but then less during times when testosterone levels decrease. The body uses different hormones to control these different hormones. When the body produces less of some hormones, it may lead to increased sebum production. This may aggravate acne.
However, hormones alone cannot explain why some people are more acne-prone than others. There could be other factors that have made some people more at risk than others. These include genetics, stress, and diet. In fact, there is still no direct link between hormones and acne but it is advisable to take good care of your skin to minimize the risk of getting acne.
If you have a predisposed case of acne or blemishes, you will need to keep in mind certain precautionary measures. You will need to take care of your skin properly so that you do not aggravate the condition. You should wash your face several times a day with a mild, fragrance-free facial cleanser. It is important to exfoliate your skin since this removes dead skin cells, a condition that allows acne bacteria to flourish. You should also try and avoid picking at your blemishes as this only makes the inflammation of the sebaceous gland worse.
There are a number of treatments available to treat acne. It is advisable to see your dermatologist for proper advice regarding the treatment of skin acne-prone skin. Your dermatologist will examine your skin and its particular features to determine the kind of treatment that would be most suitable for your case. For more severe cases, a combination of medications may be prescribed. The choice of treatment depends on the extent of your blemishes and the severity of your acne.
If your acne-prone skin is characterized by oily skin, the sebaceous glands produce more oil than usual. This excess oil mixes with dead skin cells, bacteria, and excess sebum which ultimately clog the pores. This causes inflammation which results in pimples. To treat this type of acne, it is important to regulate the production of sebum through topical application of an anti-inflammatory agent such as benzoyl peroxide or azelaic acid. These agents kill the bacteria and cause the production of less oil.
The sebaceous glands also overproduce oil during pregnancy. As a result, there is an increased production of sebum, which combines with excessive hormones to cause inflammation. This makes the pores more susceptible to bacteria and infection. To control these excess hormones, pregnant women are given contraceptive pills which inhibit sebum production by the sebaceous glands. Reducing the number of dead skin cells and regulating the sebaceous glands will help reduce acne-prone skin.
One of the underlying reasons for acne is the clogging of pores with dead skin cells and the subsequent inflammation which eventually leads to pimples. When these pores become clogged again, bacterial infections may erupt resulting in redness, swelling and inflammation. To treat this form of acne, oral antibiotics can be taken. These drugs kill the bacteria that cause acne as well as prevent the body from producing excessive hormones that prompt increased sebum production.